An Introduction to Anthuriums: Our 5 Favorite Species and Anthurium Care

Posted on Apr 6, 2018 in Nursery | 7 Comments

Somehow both elegant and bizarre, Anthuriums have a certain undeniable magnetism about them. They are certainly charming like their more easygoing cousin the philodendron, but there is a wildness in those hulking leaves and neon flowers that says unmistakably, ‘I belong to the jungle’. While Anthurium care is a little different than that of most houseplants, with a few adjustments these plants can happily grow indoors.

Anthurium veitchii - anthurium care - pistils nursery-5

Anthurium veitchii

Anthuriums are aroid plants originating in the neotropics (South America, Mexico, and the Caribbean), where most species grow epiphytically on the branches of trees in lush, tropical forests. With a little care, these wild things can be tamed and make lovely additions to the home. They command our attention with their strange, candy-bright blooms and foliage ranging from the delicate, palmate Anthurium ‘Fingers,’ to the velvety, almost black leaf of Anthurium ‘Queen of Hearts’ that is so massive and dark, it seems to look back at you with the intensity of a wildcat.

Few genera offer such varied and beautiful options for indoor growing. They are a must for any houseplant collector and a great choice for someone who feels like they’ve mastered philodendrons and are looking for a new challenge. A few key factors distinguish Anthurium care from that of other houseplants. Read our guide to see if you’re ready to take one of these strange beauties home with you.

Anthurium magnificum x crystallinum - anthurium care - pistils nursery-4

A jumble of Anthurium magnificum x crystallinum

Anthurium Care: How to Care for Anthuriums as Indoor Plants

  • Light

    To thrive in our homes, anthuriums need medium to bright indirect light, although they’ll accept less during their dormant period in winter. They are sensitive to direct light and burn easily, so take care to protect from hot afternoon sunbeams.

  • Water

    Proper watering is key to Anthurium care (and to the care of all your houseplants!). Keep the soil lightly moist during the growing season (March-September), letting the top layer just approach dryness between waterings. Make a habit of checking on it at least once or twice a week by gently digging a finger into the soil. It should feel barely moist. If it still feels wet, wait a bit longer.

    Remember that your plant’s watering needs depend greatly on the unique light and humidity of your home and can also change drastically with transitioning seasons and weather. In winter, your Anthurium may only require water every few weeks or so, while in summer it may require water every few days. Get to know your plant and its needs by keeping a close eye on it the first few weeks after bringing it home and using your senses: How does it look? How do the leaves feel? How does the soil feel? Listen to what your plant is telling you and gently adjust your care regimen accordingly.

  • Temperature

    Proper Anthurium care means keeping a watchful eye in winter and protecting your plants from drafty doors and windows. They will suffer or even die below 55 degrees and are happiest between 65-70. It’s also important to protect your Anthurium from forced air. Heaters, fans, and air conditioners can damage plants if they are too close, but gentle air circulation (such as an open window on a warm, humid day) will benefit them.

  • anthurium care - pistils nursery

    A trio of juvenile anthuriums from left to right: Anthurium clarinervium, Anthurium veitchii, Anthurium pedato-radiatum ‘Fingers’

  • Humidity

    Humidity is definitely a factor to consider before bringing home an Anthurium, and very important to Anthurium care. The foliage varieties especially require high humidity to thrive and will suffer without it, often getting brown edges. Consider keeping your Anthurium in a well-lit bathroom or near your kitchen sink. If that’s not practical, you can run a humidifier near your Anthurium, mist it periodically, or use a simple pebble tray under its pot.

  • Soil

    With careful watering, some hybrids can be grown successfully in potting soil by treating them similarly to philodendrons, letting the soil dry out a bit between waterings. However, because Anthuriums grow in the moss and leaf litter of tree branches in their native environments, they prefer something more akin to an orchid mix. This is usually a loose, breathable mix of potting soil, peat moss, bark pieces and/or mulch, charcoal, gravel, perlite or pumice, and sphagnum moss. Using this type of soil mix will make Anthurium care a bit more manageable.

  • Fertilizing

    Anthuriums benefit from regular but restrained fertilizing. Once every 6-8 weeks March through September with an indoor plant formula is adequate for foliage varieties, while a formula for orchids or flowering indoor plants used more regularly (every 3-6 weeks) will encourage blooms in flowering varieties.

  • Flowers

    Many Anthuriums are grown for their unique flowers, which come in brilliant colors and have an almost lacquer-like shine. What we call the flower is actually many very tiny flowers growing along the spadix (the thin, finger-like center) while the heart shaped outer “petal” is really a modified leaf called the spathe. These “flowers” are some of the longest lasting on earth, which means that lustrous color can last in your home for months after you being one home from the nursery. Getting your Anthurium to re-bloom is doable, although it requires some patience and care. They will require bright filtered light (lower light will dissuade plants from blooming), consistent but careful watering, and regular fertilizing. Gently clip spent flowers so your plant can use its energy on new growth.

  • Ornamental anthurium flowering - anthurium care - pistils nursery

  • Propagation

    Propagation is best done during repotting in the early spring by carefully dividing the roots. Gently pull the plant into pieces, feeling for roots that separate easily. Make sure each piece has healthy roots and at least 1 or 2 leaves.

A little extra care will keep your Anthurium thriving, but they are survivors and will usually tolerate imperfect conditions when they have to. All in all, they can be quite easy to maintain and bring such unique beauty to a space.

Our 5 favorite Anthuriums
  1. Anthurium veitchii (“King Anthurium”)

    Why we love it: Simply stated, Anthurium veitchii has one of the most magnificent leaves we’ve ever seen in our years of loving tropical plants. The leaves grow to 3′ long, bright green in color and deeply quilted/pleated in texture.

    Anthurium veitchii - anthurium care - pistils nursery

    Anthurium Veitchii, aka King Anthurium

  2. Anthurium magnificum x crystallinum

    Why we love it: This hybrid of two equally awesome species has gorgeous velvety leaves with bright white venation. The new leaves often emerge bright red!

    Anthurium magnificum x crystallinum - anthurium care - pistils nursery

    New leaf on Anthurium magnificum x crystallinum

  3. Anthurium ‘Ace of Spades’

    Why we love it: This velvet-leafed hybrid has dark purple-green leaves that can be nearly black, with some lighter green venation. Dark, mysterious and lovely!

  4. Anthurium superbum

    Why we love it: One of numerous “bird’s nest Anthuriums,” A. superbum grows in a dense rosette, with delightfully rounded, ruffled and upright leaves.

  5. Anthurium clarinervium

    Why we love it: You always want what you can’t have, right? This compact Anthurium with velvety heart-shaped leaves that are delightfully perky is unfortunately very hard to find in the states. That doesn’t mean we’ll stop looking, though!

    Anthurium clarinervium - anthurium care - pistils nursery

Are you as excited as we are about Anthuriums yet? Ready to bring home one of your very own? They are undoubtedly one of our personal favorites and we often have them available for sale here at Pistils. We’re always looking for rare and unusual varieties, and happen to be expecting some exciting shipments in the near future. Follow us on social media to be the first to know when new shipments arrive or call today to see what we have in the shop!

7 Comments

  1. BARRY PORTLOCK
    May 6, 2018

    Thank you for a very interesting article. I live in South Australia where the climate is Mediterranean, hot dry summers, cold frosty winters. The area is good for growing wine grapes and wheat. My plant is called Anthurium coriaceum, the giant paddle leaf plant. There are almost NO anthuriums for sale in our state. Not sure why. I have collected the seeds from my plant and now have over a hundred baby plants with two or three leaves each. I grow them under 75% shade cloth. I would like to receive more information and if possible, purchase seeds from the plants described above. I am enclosing an image. Barry Portlock

    Reply
  2. BARRY PORTLOCK
    May 6, 2018

    young anthurium coriaceum

    Reply
  3. willem heitlager
    May 24, 2018

    how did you do the birds and bees on these flowers by hand (brush) or other way

    Reply
  4. rezvan flower
    July 8, 2018

    i love Anthuriums so much and love your helpful info…i didn’t know how to Care of them, thanks for sharing this article

    Reply
  5. VIPSHOP
    July 22, 2018

    Thank you for a very interesting article.

    Reply
  6. VIPSHOP
    July 22, 2018

    I would like to ask , do you have any information about Hyacinth ?

    Reply
  7. Enid Offolter
    August 3, 2018

    Great work guys! That is a very well written, informative article.

    Reply

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